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Plant production

Fields related to cropping include the coexistence requirements of seed and vegetative propagation, fertilisers, plant health and protection, plant variety protection, and genetically modified (GMO) and non-GMO crops.

The Ministry of Rural Affairs works hard to ensure that high-quality and environmentally safe fertilisers and plant protection products, high-quality seeds and propagating material, as well as healthy plants free from pests are produced and used in Estonia.

The objective of the Ministry of Rural Affairs is to ensure a safe and orderly crop production and living environment. To achieve this goal, the Ministry develops national legislation, development plans and measures, as well as participates in the development of the European Union legislation and organises their implementation in Estonia.

The Ministry also cooperates with international organisations in the field – the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO), the Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV).

Värsked hernekaunad. Allikas: Põllumajandusministeerium; autor: Tiit Koha


The activities of the Ministry and its area of government in cropping are coordinated by the Plant Health Department.

Authorities and agencies

  • The surveillance of plant health, plant protection products, seed and vegetative propagation material and organic plant production is organised by the Agricultural Board.

    Website of the Agricultural Board »

  • The monitoring of the organic processing, catering and marketing is managed by the Veterinary and Food Board.

    Website of the Veterinary and Food Board »

  • The Agricultural Research Centre conducts field tests, carries out a variety of laboratory tests, prepares fertiliser and lime consumption cards, carries out research in the field of good agricultural practices and agricultural chemistry, and evaluates the implementation of agri-environmental measures.

    Website of the Agricultural Research Centre »


Last updated: 4 September 2015